What is interior Design? (2022)

Interior design, in very simple terms is the process of designing, space planning and enhancing the interior of a building, whether residential, recreational, or working, in order to shape it, make it more aesthetically pleasing, functional and complete. By extension, an interior designer is the person responsible for all of the above, as well as coordinating the different personnel, like construction workers, choosing the right material for each structure, shopping for furniture and accessories if needed, as well as overseeing the process and final delivery of all. It is a long but creative process which, if done properly, yields some exceptional results.

The decoration of homes is as old as the ancient Greeks, Egyptians and other civilizations. The process of making the homes look beautiful was not only for the personal pleasure of the home owners, but was also a symbol of their status in society and wealth. For example, the Egyptians were known for their use of decorative tiles, both for the floors as well as the walls. The interiors in such cultures were also well thought, divided, and used according to each culture’s norms and day-to-day tasks. For example, in ancient Greece, the larger homes consisted of several bedrooms, the kitchen, men’s dining room, women’s sitting area and storage. As each culture progressed, so did its design style. The decorating of homes went on to evolve reaching new levels during the Renaissance era, with its use of ornaments, paintings and statues.

Just before the modern term of interior designer was used in the 1930’s, the people who practised it were known as interior decorators, most of which were not professionally trained, but were instead people with good taste and perhaps a general knowledge of materials. In Europe, the decorator was usually a renowned merchant who would provide the materials and home décor ideas needed for the home. Later on, some architects would start overseeing such details for their buildings, choosing everything, from the handles to the vases.

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The term “designer” was established in the 30’s when two magazines begun using it exclusively. At around the same time, the first professional organization of interior designers was formed, pathing the way for more people to follow this profession, and eventually to form more similar organizations to support them.

Nowadays, interior styles are not location specific, nor stand on their own. Although there are some main categories, there are also many subcategories as well as the ability to mix and match them, creating unique styles. The main ten (although it can be argued that there are more) design trends are: modern, traditional, contemporary, industrial, transitional, rustic, bohemian, minimalist, Hollywood regional and Scandinavian, all of which are still used today to different degrees.

Interior trends are directly affected, not only by culture, but also from world events and situations, like the industrial revolution, war, and lately the pandemic. Following a time when the vast population was forced to spend more time indoors, with minimal interaction with nature, had a domino effect. Firstly, a lot of people decided to make home improvements and renovations in their homes not only because they got to spend time in them and take into consideration their flaws, but, perhaps more importantly, to change their mood. A house is a reflection of our personality, and the style it has speaks as to who we are. By redecorating it, or purchasing something new for it, it instantly changes our mood upon entering it. It is no wonder therefore that people are now looking for ways to bring nature into their homes, whether by adding plants inside, painting the walls green or using natural materials. Stone like materials like marble and granite, wood shades from natural to dark brown, green coloured fabrics and laminates are some of the most popular choices in interior design now. Moreover, because there are so many colour options for each of those, all can be used to fit into the above-mentioned styles. The trend will most likely keep on, as more and more people are working from home now and hence would prefer to make their personal space as relaxing as possible.

As a result of all these, there is an added demand for interior designers. However, one must be careful when choosing the person who will transform their space. A good interior designer creates not only visually aesthetic spaces, but also practical ones. They take into consideration many details regarding the arrangement such as clear pathways, safe distance of furniture from a fireplace, and materials that are suitable for each use. Moreover, they listen to their customer’s needs, regarding what they expect from them and their space whether it’s a home, hotel or cafeteria. The customer may have a preference in style, colour or how a room will be used particularly, and it is therefore important for the designer to listen to those needs before they begin. The next important step is the creative process, by which the designer adjusts the current trends to their projects and is able to offer customized and tailored solutions for them. This could be in the form of choosing colours, materials, designing custom furniture or plasterboard designs that will serve a specific purpose and fit a particular area.

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In order for the interior designer and the customer to reach an agreement on the project, the first should be able to offer 3d visualizations which depict their ideas and final design, as well as being prepared to make adjustments if needed. The final stage is the actual transformation of the room or building. Depending on the project, if needed, then the interior designer should act as a liaison between the customer and the shops/construction workers etc, by providing support, coordination, and shopping assistance.

Today, there are some places in the world that are well known for their extraordinary architecture and interior design, to such a degree that tourists visit them just to see these in person. One such place is Dubai, whose World Trade Centre is an iconic landmark. Built in 1979, it is widely recognized for its innovative design that combines both, aesthetic, and practicality. More importantly, its completion marked the beginning of more developments and skyscrapers, as Dubai moved away from the predominant traditional architecture to “modernist architecture features innovative exposed-glass walls, stepped ascending spirals and designs that offer subtle nods to traditional Arabic motifs”.

Dubai has now several other famous buildings and areas that are considered to be architectural landmarks. These include the Burj Khalifa, acknowledged mostly for its incredible design and considered to be Dubai’s trademark, the Marina 101 both for commercial and residential use, and the Princess Tower one of the world’s tallest residential buildings. Moreover, two hotels complete a visitor’s list in Dubai, the Dusit Thani hotel whose design mimics praying hands and Jumeirah Beach Hotel with a unique shape that resembles a breaking wave.

What is interior Design? (1)

The current home décor trends in Dubai are contemporary, minimalist, modern, classic, and industrial. All of the above, are usually blended and adjusted according to the client’s personal needs. Generally, spacious areas and rooms are preferred, with interior furniture and home décor ranging from clear cut lines to ornamented ones. Moreover, affected by the world shift towards sustainable resources, many architects and interior design companies in Dubai now prefer non-toxic and emission-free materials as well as environmentally friendly solutions. This is reinforced by guidelines imposed by the Dubai Municipality, ensuring that their city will become more and more ecological.

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At KEA Design, we believe that a client’s home is an extension of their personality. Founded in 2012, we are proud to be one of the most passionate and creative interior design companies in Dubai. As such, it is our company’s philosophy that all projects require the same attention to detail and level of professional expertise. Therefore, our team offers complete interior solutions that range from interior architecture to space planning, discussing of ideas, 3D representation of them and implementation. Our primary focus is our customers and their needs regarding their projects, which is why when we take on from residential to commercial projects our first priority is to discuss what the client expects to receive in terms of appearance and practicality. We believe in versatility and therefore can design and offer a range of styles, from contemporary to traditional, always taking into consideration who it is for.

We always strive to keep up with the current trends and evolutions, and we are in position to offer innovative solutions developed through our cutting-edge technologies in order to create our products. These technologies aim to use renewable supplies; thus, we develop products and materials with less damaging social and environmental impacts.

Even though our basis is in Dubai, we are in reality a global company, offering our services in many countries across the world such as Norway, Lebanon, the UAE, and Nigeria. We offer our clients the opportunity to get the full experience of our work, starting from designing living spaces, that cover their demands and needs, whether residential, commercial, or professional. To do that, we go through with them step by step on what they expect the space to do for them so as to get an idea of what to create. The next step is what makes the architectural plans a step further. The creative process by which a space is turned into a functional work of art. This process is also standalone as it is applied to existing buildings that may need a renovation or a lift. We specialize in creating spaces that are functional and efficient, catering to the needs of each client.

However, no space is complete without the proper materials, colour combinations and decorations that truly give it its character. Being in the heart of Dubai, a city known for its unique and harmonious blend of styles, we draw inspiration from it and our client in order to create unique results every time. The feeling of entering a space that speaks to your soul is truly priceless!

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In order for all of the above to take place, there is always a great deal of work, both in planning as well as implementing it. Staying true to our commitment to perfection, we take on all the fit-outs, and supervise them step by step so as to make sure that your dream and our execution are flawless. We therefore undertake everything, from installing ceilings and flooring, to all the necessary wiring, and of course, furnishing. Part of our service is to help you feel relaxed and assured while we run through everything.

Since every space is unique, made to measure furniture are also part of the solutions we provide you. Having in mind our client’s needs, we meet them by designing custom solutions that will make their life easier, and their space useful. As such, custom furniture have a greater lifespan, colour selection and are sure to make each area they are placed, special.

Finally, all of the above services we offer, would be nothing without 3D visualizations. By bringing our ideas to life, and realistically representing them on paper, we help our clients approve or make changes to them, instead of using their imagination on how something will look like.

Interior design is not just a single act or process. It is a mixture of skills, knowledge, creativity, and good taste. It requires patience, people skills, being able to think fast to find solutions in unforeseen situations and the ability to create new things that will be approved by your clients. As a profession, it is fairly newly recognised, although it has been part of our world’s cultures for centuries. The need to live or work in visually aesthetic spaces can be traced back to ancient cultures. With this in mind, we created the KEA company, a team of experts dedicated to creating all types of projects, no matter what their size may be, with the same passion and appetite. Inspired by our city, Dubai, the place of architectural wonders, we strive to elevate all of our client’s spaces to truly match what we represent as a company. This is why, all of our projects are not considered to be finished unless they are approved by our high standards.

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What is interior design, if not the ability to give life and functionality to empty spaces?


What interior design means? ›

/ɪnˌtɪr.i.ɚ dɪˈzaɪ.nɚ/ a person who plans the decoration of the inside of a building such as a house or office: “Modern and cosy” is the look this interior designer is known for.

What is the main purpose of interior design? ›

An interior designer is responsible for the layout of the internal space in a building or structure. The design impacts on the wellbeing, safety and function of the interior performance of a space. An interior space could be a fixed building or a moving structure such as boat or aeroplane.

What are the 7 principles of interior design? ›

  • UNITY.
23 Aug 2022

Is studying interior design hard? ›

While many interior design concepts are difficult, by being enrolled in an accredited interior design degree program you can get help from your peers and professors as you work your way through the different areas of instruction that you will need to become a successful interior designer.

Is interior design a good career? ›

Yes, interior design is a good career choice, especially for those who want to show off their creativity in the most basic of ways. It allows one to put their natural abilities to use while also providing excellent job satisfaction.

What is the benefits of interior design? ›

One of the main benefits of interior design is that it can maximise the amount of available space. However, we also need to mention that design specialists will take comfort into account. Simply put, aesthetics and efficiency are linked to one another.

What is the most important thing in interior design? ›

Element 1: Space

The first thing an interior decorator will do is visit the space they're styling to get a sense of its dimensions. Knowing the overall size and where doors and windows are located is essential to a seamless design.

How can I do my own interior design? ›

Do It Yourself Interior Decorating Ideas - YouTube

What are the do's and don'ts of interior design? ›

The 10 Biggest Interior Design Do's and Don'ts
  • Dos.
  • Purchase Plush Pillows. ...
  • Leave Space Around Your Furniture. ...
  • Utilize Relevant and Appropriately-Scaled Lighting. ...
  • Choose Paint Colors That Enhance the Look of a Room. ...
  • Purchase an Appropriately-Sized Area Rug. ...
  • Don'ts.
  • Over-Matching Furniture and Textiles.

What is interesting about interior design? ›

Interior Design Does Not Equal Interior Décor

Interior design is more about evaluating the room and then using the room's space. The space needs to bring different moods to the home. Interior design also means making the decor in the room versatile bringing the atmosphere to life.

Why are the 7 Elements of interior design important? ›

The 7 elements of design are designed to help you balance an interior scheme so that the finished look is aesthetically pleasing, as well as functional. Design is a science, after all, as well as an art.

Do you need math for interior design? ›

Interior designers are frequently required to be mathematically proficient. They must understand basic geometry and how to calculate measurements in order to create accurate floor plans.

How do I know if interior design is for me? ›

Here are some signs that may indicate that interior design can be a career for you:
  1. You have a keen sense of color and design. ...
  2. You like interacting with others. ...
  3. You mentally reorganize the decor in new places. ...
  4. You're open to constructive feedback. ...
  5. Education. ...
  6. Training. ...
  7. Certifications. ...
  8. Hard skills.
2 Nov 2021

Is interior design a safe career? ›

Interior design is a good career for students who are passionate about arts and design and willing to put in a lot of hard work and commitment in order to earn a median salary of $60,340 a year. It's a great option for those who wish to run their own interior design business or work at interior design agencies.

Is interior design a stressful job? ›

Being an interior designer can be STRESSFUL. There are a thousand and one moving parts that need to be handled at once. Take a deep breath.

Is interior design course expensive? ›

Well, in short, the average cost to become an interior designer based on the most common paths of education or certification was around $20,250 for the academic year 2019-2020. This included tuition, fees and materials. However, there are other more affordable options.

What do interior designers do daily? ›

Interior designers make interior spaces functional, safe, and beautiful by determining space requirements and selecting decorative items, such as colors, lighting, and materials. They read blueprints and must be aware of building codes and inspection regulations, as well as universal accessibility standards.

What do interior designers do day to day? ›

The work environment shifts, which involves a lot of driving, from client homes and construction projects to suppliers and back to the studio or office again. There is also a potential for evening and weekend work, as most clients have their own jobs during the day and need to meet with designers at other times.

Where are interior designers most needed? ›

This is as per the data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Interior design is a flourishing field, yet some states have not seen a higher concentration of jobs.
Some US states conducive for the interior design industry are:
  • California.
  • Texas.
  • Florida.
  • Ohio.
  • Colorado.
  • Michigan.
  • New Jersey.

How can interior design improve quality of life? ›

Having a home that is neat and well organized not only makes your home more comfortable and inviting; it also works as a stress reducer. We take the time to listen to your needs and priorities when it comes to storage and organization, then offer creative solutions for streamlining your life.

What are some hazards of being an interior designer? ›

10 Unexpected Challenges Interior Designers Face Today
  • Managing Time. For interior design firms, time management skills are a must. ...
  • Selling Your Big Ideas. ...
  • Handling the Books. ...
  • Maintaining Client Expectations. ...
  • Working Within Fast Turnarounds. ...
  • Introducing Trends and Timeless Style. ...
  • Managing Costs. ...
  • Handling Self-Promotion.
5 Jan 2021

What is color in interior design? ›

Colour is one of the most fundamental and influential aspects of interior design. Colour selection is a major factor in determining the success or failure of a decorative scheme. The carefully considered use of colour can unify furnishings and finishes to produce a cohesive and pleasing result.

What is value in interior design? ›

Simply defined, value is the gradation from light to dark across a form; it is determined both by the lightness and darkness of the object and by its natural color- its local color - and by the degree of light that strikes it. Value is the range from white to black as seen in a grayscale scale.

What is shape in interior design? ›

Shape. Some refer to this element of design as form, but really what they're referring to is the shape of furniture, millwork, artwork, decorative accessories + even to some extent –– the physical walls in a space.

How do you describe an interior design project? ›

effectively convey your inspiration and vision for the space. briefly address how you went about creating the design and how you handled specific design challenges. articulate the room's overall ambiance. tell your client the origin of the design.

Do you need math for interior design? ›

Interior designers are frequently required to be mathematically proficient. They must understand basic geometry and how to calculate measurements in order to create accurate floor plans.

What is the most important thing in interior design? ›

Element 1: Space

The first thing an interior decorator will do is visit the space they're styling to get a sense of its dimensions. Knowing the overall size and where doors and windows are located is essential to a seamless design.

What is the first step in interior design? ›

Step 1: Take the measurements of your room

Take measurements of your room and mark them out on a piece of paper. Then, add cut-out shapes of your furniture in order to find their ideal placement in the room, keeping in mind how people will move around the room.

Does interior design require drawing? ›

One of the most common questions asked by students starting on the Interior Design Diploma or short-course is 'Do I have to be able to draw? '. The simple answer is no, but it helps to have some level of ability and confidence in your sketches. Sketching is an essential part of the interior design process.

Do interior designers need license? ›

Interior Design License—or Not? As a general guideline, no U.S. state requires a license to work in interior design, though there's an exception to this rule. In Louisiana, Florida, Nevada, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico, you must be registered if you wish to work unsupervised in any commercial space.

Does interior design require a degree? ›

The field of interior designing does not require formal education but people who have completed some professional course or those with a bachelor's degree are given more preference. Degrees at master's and doctoral levels are also available.


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2. 3 Interior Designers Transform The Same Kitchen | Space Savers | Architectural Digest
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