34 Different Types of Peaches (2022)

Discover the many different types of peaches grown in many parts of the world. See pictures of the different types, know how they vary, and find out where you can get a taste of them.

Peaches are juicy fruits with over 2,000 varieties found worldwide. They are members of the rose family, close relatives of almonds, and among those called “stone fruits” because of the hard pits surrounding their seeds.

The peach originated in China and domesticated as early as 6,000 B.C. China remains the world’s leading producer of peaches accounting for about half of global production.

Its scientific name Prunus persica,which means Persian Plum,comes from the early European belief that the peach originated in Persia or modern-day Iran. Meanwhile, the ancient Romans called itmalum persicum, which means Persian apple. Its name later evolved into the Frenchpêche or the English “peach.”

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Peaches Nutrition Facts Chart

Now let’s jump into your peach options.

Basic Types of Peaches

Clingstone Peaches

Whenever peaches contain flesh that sticks to the pit of the fruit, they are called Clingstone peaches. These peaches can have yellow or white flesh and they are usually very sweet and juicy. If you choose this type of peach, it is recommended that you cut the pit away from the fruit with a knife instead of eating around the pit.

Nowadays, most Clingstone peaches are used for processing instead of making desserts, in part because of the requirement of separating the flesh from the pit before eating.

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Clingstone Varietal Peaches

These varieties include the Santa Rosa peaches, which are best when eaten from May to August and have yellow flesh and a sweet and acidic flavor. They are mostly used for preserving and canning purposes, although they are occasionally used for baking and in salads, and they have a crisp, firm bite.

Another variety is the Red Beauty peach, which is tender and has a skin that is almost red in color. The Red Beauty has flesh that is reddish-yellow in color and is also in season from May to August.

Doughnut Peaches

Doughnut peaches are an heirloom peach and have white flesh and a fairly flat shape. They are found mostly in July and August in either specialty produce stores or local farmers’ markets. They are low in acid, making them very tasty.

Freestone Peaches

Freestone peaches are less sweet and juicy than the Clingstone type of peaches but they are the most commonly found peaches in the supermarkets and in various desserts. They get their name because they have flesh that is easily separated from the pit. Their flesh can be either yellow or white, depending on the variety.

Freestone Varietal Peaches

There are several different varieties that fall under this category. One of the most popular is the O’Henry peach, which matures in late summer and has thin red skin and firm yellow flesh. The only thing more appealing than their aroma is their perfect balance of sweetness and tartness. You can use O’Henry peaches for mixing drinks, eating raw, and making preserves and sorbets.

A variety known as the Red Top peach, which is also a late-summer variety, comes with great-smelling leaves and attractive pink flowers, not to mention a sweet and tart flavor. Last, Elegant Lady peaches are firm, mildly acidic, and very fragrant. They are mostly used for snacking, canning, and baking purposes.

Melting Flesh Peaches

These peaches have flesh that falls apart and softens easily, especially over time. If you try and cut them with a knife, they will become raggedy and torn. Melting flesh peaches include both the Clingstone and Freestone varieties and they are perfect to include in cobblers, pies, and other yummy desserts. You can also eat them raw for a nice, fresh taste.

Nectarines

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Nectarines are a type of peach if you look at them from a botanical viewpoint. Their flavor varies a bit, depending on the variety; in reality, the main difference between peaches and nectarines is that nectarines have smooth, fuzz-free skin and usually a darker color than most peaches.

Non-Melting Flesh Peaches

Unlike melting flesh peaches, these peaches’ flesh stays nice and firm for a very long time, which is one of the reasons why they are used for processed foods and for canning purposes. Clingstone peaches make up this category and they are only occasionally used in desserts or eaten raw.

Peento Peaches

Peento peaches are a type of Chinese peach but they are now also grown in the United States in the states of Washington and California. They come in a wide variety of colors and flesh types. Instead of a spherical shape that resembles other types of peaches, Peento peaches are either flat or shaped similarly to doughnuts.

Semi-Freestone Peaches

These peaches are a mix between the Freestone and Clingstone types of peaches and they boast two main advantages: they are extremely sweet and juicy and their flesh does not cling to the pit. They are a very tasty type of peach that is definitely worth trying.

White Flesh Peaches

As the name suggests, these peaches are a light yellow to white color in flesh and are a little less acidic than the Yellow Flesh peaches. The center that surrounds the pit is usually either pink or red and they are sweet but not very tart. Their peak season is May through August and they are grown mostly in Asia.

Yellow Flesh Peaches

With a taste that combines an acidic and sweet characteristic, these peaches are usually dark red in the center and have flesh that is either orange or yellow. They have a smooth but slightly tangy flavor and they are best when purchased from May through September. There are a lot of different varieties of the Yellow Flesh peaches and they are mostly grown in Europe and North America.

Types of Peaches Perfect for the Home Garden

Arctic Supreme Peaches

These peaches are large and have a red-and-cream color and white flesh. They have a great flavor and are considered a type of Clingstone peach.

August Pride Peaches

August Pride peaches have red-blushed skin and yellow flesh that tastes delicious. They are large and round and they are mostly grown in California.

Babcock Peaches

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With a small to medium size, these peaches are fuzz-free and have a tasty, white flesh that is both tangy and sweet.

Baby Crawford Peaches

These peaches are a golden-orange color and have yellow flesh that is extremely tasty.

Cardinal Peaches

With bright red-and-yellow skin, Cardinal peaches have firm yellow flesh and are harvested in early to mid-season.

Cresthaven Peaches

With a medium to large size, Cresthaven peaches have firm yellow flesh and are very juicy. They also resist browning and can, therefore, stay around for a very long time.

Early Amber Peaches

With dark red-and-yellow skin, these peaches have medium-firm flesh that is orangish-yellow in color and are mostly grown in Florida.

El Dorado Peaches

These peaches have yellow flesh that is very rich in taste and they are medium-sized but grow on trees categorized as dwarf trees.

Forty-Niner Peaches

The Forty-Niner peaches are quite large and have flesh with a very fine texture. They grow mostly in California and have yellow skin blushed with red.

Frost Peaches

These peaches bloom in mid to late season and have yellow flesh and a tangy flavor. They are medium-sized and have skin that is blushed with red.

Halloween Peaches

Halloween peaches are large fruits and have yellow flesh and yellow skin blushed with red. As their name implies, they are normally ready to be harvested around Halloween time.

Honey Babe Peaches

These are rather small peaches with yellow flesh that is very sweet. They are ready to be harvested in mid-season and grow on trees considered to be dwarfs.

Madison Peaches

A freestone peach from Virginia, the Madison peach has orange-yellow flesh that gets red near the center where the pit is located. They are harvested late in the season and have a very rich flavor. They are also perfect for canning and for freezing.

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Melba Peaches

These are very large fruits with yellow skin and white flesh. They are sweet and juicy with a touch of a honey taste and they are harvested in midseason.

Polly Peaches

These medium-sized peaches are red and white and have sweet, juicy white flesh. They are harvested in mid-season and grown mostly in Iowa.

Reliance Peaches

These peaches are yellow with a touch of dark red in them. They are a freestone variety from New Hampshire and they have a yellow flesh that tastes great.

Rio Grande Peaches

A freestone variety from Florida, the Rio Grande peach has a fine texture with yellow flesh and is perfect for eating fresh right out of your hand.

Snow Beauty Peaches

These peaches are very large and have red skin. Their flesh is white and many people consider them to be one of the tastiest peaches in existence.

Southern Sweet Peaches

With a red-and-yellow skin and medium size, these peaches hail from California and are extremely tasty.

Tropic Snow Peaches

These peaches are medium in size and have skin that is red in color. They have white flesh and are very tasty. They are harvested early in the season.

Ventura Peaches

These peaches are small and oblong in shape. They are yellow in color with a wine-red blush and they have a slightly acidic flavor. They are mostly harvested in California.

White Health Cling Peaches

These medium- to large-sized peaches are a Clingstone variety from Maryland. Harvested late in the season, they have a white flesh that is very juicy and red-and-white skin.

FAQs

What are some peach varieties? ›

Examples of yellow-fleshed peaches include cultivars such as "eLBERTA", "Autumn Gold," "Earligrande," "O'Henry," "Suncrest" and "Tropi-berta." White - White-fleshed peaches are usually a variant of Asian peach trees. The flavor is almost identical, although many people say they taste sweeter.

What are the hard peaches called? ›

Nectarines may be yellow or white in flesh and clingstone or freestone. Like peaches, they have a sweet, almost honeyed flavor. They tend to be firmer, often resembling the texture of an apple. Use them however you would a peach — for grilling, baking, salads, or eating out of hand.

What is the rarest peach? ›

In the Nagano Prefecture in Japan, there is a type of Ougon peach known as the Kira-Kira, or “glitter peach,” which is considered the rarest of all the Ougon peaches.

What are the tastiest peaches? ›

The darling little donut peach, also known as the Saturn peach, is often considered the sweetest peach variety. This heirloom variety looks like a typical peach — that's been smushed! They're soft and tender with less acidity than their yellow-skinned counterparts.

What is the most juicy peach? ›

Clingstone. Clingstone peaches, as the name indicates, contain flesh that clings to the stone (more commonly known as the pit). They're characterized by soft flesh and sweet, lightly acidic flavor, and they're some of the juiciest peaches you'll find.

What are tiny peaches called? ›

While Honey Babe peaches are on the small size, they are still quite sweet. They have a nice, yellow flesh with very little acidity.

What is the largest peach variety? ›

Jumbo Flaming Fury- a yellow freestone peach, this colossal Bennett Peach is the largest peach variety in the world! In fact, we tied the world record a few years back with these.

What is a white peach called? ›

Especially popular in the 1800s was a white peach called the Belle of Georgia, which still exists today. It was so sweet, it was considered dessert quality. White peaches and nectarines were typically fragile and not suited for shipping.

Which state has best peaches? ›

Others say that the best peaches come from South Carolina or Texas or Colorado. They would be wrong as well. No, I'm afraid I can say with more than a modicum of certainty that the best peaches come from sunny California.

What are Baby Gold peaches? ›

Clingstone. Commonly referred to as Baby Gold peaches, the flesh of the Clingstone peach is firmly attached to the pit. These peaches with their distinct flavour and firm flesh are perfect for canning.

Can dogs eat peaches? ›

Yes, peaches are safe for dogs to eat. Small amounts of cut-up fresh or frozen peaches are a great source of fiber and vitamin A, and can even help fight infections, but just like cherries, the pit contains cyanide. As long as you completely cut around the pit first, fresh peaches can be a great summer treat.

What are Japanese peaches? ›

Japanese momo 桃 (peaches) are indeed a treasure. They are a breed of their own. Here's what makes momo special: they are large, their flesh is white, they are sweet, they are aromatic, and they are flawless. Japanese peaches are peaches on a whole different level.

Where are the sweetest peaches? ›

The sweetest peaches in the world are grown by Furuyama Kōji at Furuyama Fruit Farm in the central Fukushima Prefecture of Japan.

Which country grows the most peaches? ›

This statistic illustrates the global leading fresh peach and nectarine producing countries in 2020/2021. In that year, China was the biggest producer of peaches and nectarines with forecasted production volume of approximately 15 million metric tons.

What kind of peach is red inside? ›

Red-fleshed peaches are also known as Vineyard Peaches, Pêches de Vigne (France), Blackboy Peaches (New Zealand), Indian Blood Peaches (USA), Blood Peaches, or even Pleaches, a plum/peach hybrid – (see below). Red-fleshed peaches are far rarer than the white-fleshed or yellow-fleshed types.

What kind of peaches are best for pies? ›

When selecting peaches for pie, choose those with darker-hued skin and bright yellow-orange flesh. These peaches are generically known as "yellow peaches" and Reliance and Sweet Scarlet are the most well-known varieties.

Can you eat peach skin? ›

Peach skin is generally healthy and safe to eat for most people. In fact, it's higher in fiber and certain antioxidants than peach flesh alone. As such, eating a whole peach with its peel may provide the greatest potential health benefits. However, peach skin may contain more pesticides than the flesh.

How do you tell if a peach is cling or freestone? ›

If you cut a clingstone peach in half, you will find it difficult to pull the two halves apart and separate the flesh from the stone. Freestone fruits have a pit that is not attached to the flesh. When you cut a freestone peach in half, it will come away from the flesh easily.

How long will peaches last in the fridge? ›

After you cut up your peaches, wrapping them tightly and placing in the fridge is your best choice. When you know how to store peaches properly, you could have them staying fresh for 3–5 days.

What is the best tasting peach tree to plant? ›

Madison. This mid-season peach tree variety is considered to be one of the tastiest, according to the National Gardening Association. Madison blooms in late spring and has yellow, medium-sized peaches. This tree is also very hardy and resistant to diseases, including peach leaf curl.

Are there pink peaches? ›

If you've spotted a white or yellow peach at the farmer's market, here's what to know before you buy: Skin color: From the outside, yellow and white peaches are distinguished by their skin color – deep yellow with a red or pink blush for the former versus pale and pink for the latter.

Why do peaches turn brown inside? ›

Peaches often turn brown on the inside if they have been stored in a cold spot before they ripen. This causes internal damage to the fruit, making the cells inside the fruit break down, and resulting in browning in the middle.

What is a Southern peach? ›

The Southern Peach Cocktail is a blend of sweet peaches and smokey bourbon — easy and refreshing, it's the ultimate summer drink!

What peach has white meat? ›

Some excellent examples of these white varieties are: Aspen White – Large clingstone with firm flesh, 600 hours. Klondike White – Large red fruit ready in June, 700-800 hours. Sierra Snow – Large clingstone with low acid, 700-800 hours.

Are there miniature peaches? ›

One of the only genetic dwarf white fleshed peaches! We're guessing Flory got its name from the extremely large, show bright red double flowers that precede the delicious white peaches. Grows to only 5 feet in height and requires around 500 chill hours.

Are Elberta peaches good? ›

The peaches are excellent for fresh eating, desserts, canning, freezing and jam. Self-fertile, although it doesn't require a second tree to produce fruit, planting two trees is recommended for a better crop.

What are the sweetest peaches in Georgia? ›

Freestone peaches have flesh that easily separate from the pit, making them ideal to eat, bake or cook with. They are known for their juicy interior and sweet flavor.

Why is my peach white on the inside? ›

Answer: This whitish tissue may actually appear on the pit and/or in the pit cavity (area inside peach around pit) of a ripe peach. It is called callus tissue (undifferentiated cells). It is not a fungus, bacteria or other type of disease. It is naturally occurring, and it is not harmful.

Are donut peaches good? ›

Donut peaches are low in calories but relatively rich in minerals (especially potassium) and vitamins. Dark yellow and orange varieties are also considerably high in vitamin A, which promotes healthy skin and vision. Donut peaches are also a good source of vitamin C, with around 10 milligrams per 100 gram serving.

How do you tell if a peach is cling or freestone? ›

If you cut a clingstone peach in half, you will find it difficult to pull the two halves apart and separate the flesh from the stone. Freestone fruits have a pit that is not attached to the flesh. When you cut a freestone peach in half, it will come away from the flesh easily.

What is a white peach called? ›

Especially popular in the 1800s was a white peach called the Belle of Georgia, which still exists today. It was so sweet, it was considered dessert quality. White peaches and nectarines were typically fragile and not suited for shipping.

Which state has best peaches? ›

Others say that the best peaches come from South Carolina or Texas or Colorado. They would be wrong as well. No, I'm afraid I can say with more than a modicum of certainty that the best peaches come from sunny California.

What is the largest peach variety? ›

Jumbo Flaming Fury- a yellow freestone peach, this colossal Bennett Peach is the largest peach variety in the world! In fact, we tied the world record a few years back with these.

Why are some peaches red inside? ›

Legend has it that over time as the peach trees grew stronger, they began to produce more antioxidants, giving the flesh its dark red streaks and hue.

What are small peaches called? ›

1. Babcock: Babcock peaches are small to medium in size, white-fleshed peaches. Semi-freestone peaches, the Babcock is on the tarter side.

What is the best tasting peach tree to plant? ›

Madison. This mid-season peach tree variety is considered to be one of the tastiest, according to the National Gardening Association. Madison blooms in late spring and has yellow, medium-sized peaches. This tree is also very hardy and resistant to diseases, including peach leaf curl.

Can dogs eat peaches? ›

Yes, peaches are safe for dogs to eat. Small amounts of cut-up fresh or frozen peaches are a great source of fiber and vitamin A, and can even help fight infections, but just like cherries, the pit contains cyanide. As long as you completely cut around the pit first, fresh peaches can be a great summer treat.

What kind of peach has white meat? ›

Unlike their yellow-fleshed cousins, white-fleshed peaches (Prunus persica) boast a creamy pinkish-white flesh that is sweeter to taste and low in acidity. Because the peach tree is a self-fertilizing tree, white peaches occur in nature, but they also develop as a result of hybridization.

What are the sweetest peaches in Georgia? ›

Freestone peaches have flesh that easily separate from the pit, making them ideal to eat, bake or cook with. They are known for their juicy interior and sweet flavor.

Where is the peach capital of the world? ›

Johnston is a town in Edgefield County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 2,362 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Augusta, Georgia, metropolitan area. The town's official welcome sign states that it is "Peach Capital of the World".

Where are the sweetest peaches? ›

The sweetest peaches in the world are grown by Furuyama Kōji at Furuyama Fruit Farm in the central Fukushima Prefecture of Japan.

Is there a peach shortage 2022? ›

Keith Daniels of Carl Marks Advisors says of 2022's produce shortages, "It is a combination of factors: supply chain issues and driver shortages, scarcity of packaging, labor shortages at manufacturing and production plants as the workforce has not returned as facilities restarted from COVID closures," via Parade.

What are Baby Gold peaches? ›

Clingstone. Commonly referred to as Baby Gold peaches, the flesh of the Clingstone peach is firmly attached to the pit. These peaches with their distinct flavour and firm flesh are perfect for canning.

How long will peaches last in the fridge? ›

After you cut up your peaches, wrapping them tightly and placing in the fridge is your best choice. When you know how to store peaches properly, you could have them staying fresh for 3–5 days.

What are Southern peaches? ›

Like most peaches grown east of the Mississippi, these medium-sized fruits have a less rounded, more pointed shape with a deeper cleft along the pit than California peaches. They are clingstone peaches that eat on the tart side with a refreshing, rather than super-sweet, flavor profile.

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